Porta Pia, Roma (Pia Gate, Rome), Lazio, Italy
Today is the anniversary of the capture of Rome by the Italian Army (20th September 1870).
After the unification of Italy, also known as Risorgimento (1848-1866), only Rome remained out of the new state. Italians couldn’t conquer it, because it was defended by some French Army units, that had to come back to France in 1870, to defend their country during the French-Prussian war.
Italy took the occasion and its army besieged and entered Rome through a breach near Porta Pia (Pia Gate); the defense by Papal soldiers was only symbolic: the Papal army casualties was only 19.
Please note the perfect touching up between #3 (the original one) and #4 images. The dead Italian soldiers and the holes on the wall were added to give a more impressive appearance to a very poor enterprise: in any case, the #4 image was shooted some days after the Italian assault.
As many other historic events in Italy (and not only there, unfortunately), now the capture of Rome and the unification of Italy have been revised in a negative way, imagining several unreal happy and prosperous pre-united little Italian states, ruined by the evil and greedy Piedmontese state (origin of the future Italian Kingdom).
For this reason, please also note in closing the image #9: it’s a celebration of the anniversary of Porta Pia’s breach, on the Papal nostalgic side. I’m afraid it isnt’t a coincidence if the Papal standard bearer is a black man, and what’s more dressed up with a waiter’s livery. In fact, the celebration has been organized by Militia Christi, a fundamentalist Catholic association. This can gives you an idea of how the world should be in their opinion.